O processamento de lexemas com combinação afixal múltipla no português europeu

  • Alexandra Soares Rodrigues
Palavras-chave: multiple affixation, word-formation patterns, processing conditions, structural constraints, Portuguese, afixação múltipla, padrões genolexicais, condições processuais, constrangimentos estruturais, português


This work aims to understand the limits to the syntagmatic extension of multiple derivational affixation which
deals with affixes that operate in productive word-formation patterns of contemporary European Portuguese (Rio-
Torto et al., 2016). The work is theoretically supported on the multiple-route model (Kuperman et al., 2010) and
empirically based on the analysis of corpora (Corpus de Referência do Português Contemporâneo and Linguateca)
and of experiments (acceptability judgement task and recall task) made with native speakers of European
Portuguese. The empirical phenomenon of the multiple affixation under focus is constituted by lexemes containing
the suffix series -bil/-al-iz(a)-bil-idade, which is observable in words with low frequency such as
comercializabilidade and materializabilidade. Under the perspective of structural constraints (Gaeta, 2015;
Rodrigues, 2014; 2015), multiple affixation should be possible as long as the constraints between affixes are
obeyed. However, the low frequency of the multiple affixation under analysis arouses the hypothesis that
processual conditionings influence the limits of multiple affixation. The acceptability judgement task and the recall
task aim to shed light on the psycholinguistic conditions that intervene in the limits of multiple affixation. The
study concludes that variables such as the frequency of the affix combination, semantic transparency, affix
salience, and expectedness (Bell & Schäffer, 2013; 2016) towards the combination are important for the pattern
construction power of the affix combination, that is, for the capacity of the combination to function as a mental
pattern that allows the speaker to produce and analyze lexemes. The pattern construction power depends on the
experience of the speaker towards the affix combination.

Como Citar
Soares Rodrigues, A. (2020). O processamento de lexemas com combinação afixal múltipla no português europeu. Revista Da Associação Portuguesa De Linguística, (3), 285-300. https://doi.org/10.26334/2183-9077/rapln3ano2017a16